Soil Treatment: A Secret To Boost Snail Growth

Soil Treatment A Secret To Boost Snail Growth.png
Soil Treatment A Secret To Boost Snail Growth.png

As a snail farmer, you should know that not all soils support snail farming, hence, there is need for soil treatment in order to foster snail growth.

Some snails are land animals, which means they thrive on soil. Therefore, when considering having a snail farm, it is important to consider the soil to use for a robust output.

Soil treatment for improved snail growth therefore means aiding the soils to become similar to the snails natural non-toxic environment.

soil treatment and snail growth
Soil and snails

Snails can be reared successfully and profitably in a snail pen depending on the type of soil or soil enhancement done. All you need to do is to make the soil free of harmful microbes, toxic materials, similar to their natural environment and you’re good to go! This is the basis for soil treatment to boost snail productivity.

Snails are known to be delicate and slow creatures easily attacked by predators such as ants, rats and snakes. A snail farmer should therefore ensure that the snails are in an environment favourable to the snails but harmful to these predators. This is why you cant afford to use just any soil or the farm is doomed from the beginning!

This leads to the question you have been wanting to ask. Which is the best soil for snail farming?

Read through this article, and see the answer. The reason why each soil may or may not be suitable and how to aid soil by treating for improved productivity.

Types Of Soils

Snails require good and well-treated soil as it provides them with most of the nutrients required for growth such as calcium. It also aids their water requirement and provides them a safe nest to lay their eggs and comfort during harsh weather. A good soil is also a sanctuary against harmful organisms

There are basically 3 types of soil: loamy, sandy and clay. Each has their own characteristics, advantages and disadvantages for any type of farming activity. But for this article, we would be looking at then as it relates to snail farming.

types of soil
soil types in snail farming

Clay Soil In Snail Farming

Clay soil is known for its ability to retain water as well as elasticity. Clay is water-logged during rainy season, dries and cakes up during dry season. However, this quality of clay makes it unsuitable for snail farming as its impossible for snails to dig into the soil.

Sandy Soil In Snail Farming

Sandy soil is known for its ability to retain low water. This makes it porous and water would not be available for the snails to survive. Needless to say that the mortality rate would be high especially in dry seasons!

Loamy Soil In Snail Farming

This is the most preferred soil for agricultural activities and snail rearing is not an exception. Loam is known for its ability to retain just enough water, host the right nutrients and provide enough warmth for the snails to grow.

However, you cannot just use loamy soil as it is because it is loamy soil. IT HAS TO BE TREATED FOR MAXIMUM OUTPUT! Loamy soil contains decayed organic matter, which enhances the growth of the snails when ingested.

Characteristics Of A Good Loamy Soil In Snail Farming.

There are factors to be considered when choosing loamy soil most suitable for snail rearing.

  • Composition:

Here, you must consider that the amount of mineral and water content, organic matter, gases, and microorganisms present in the soil is enough to sustain the snails in all weather.

  • Texture:

The percentage of sand, silt, and clay present in the soil must be considered, as the soil texture determines the water retention and nutrient absorption.

  • Acidity:

It is important to know if the loamy soil has been previously exposed to chemicals which include pesticides and herbicides that may have changed its pH. An acidic soil does not support the growth of snails.

Knowing that we are not all soil experts and we may not have adequate information on how exposed to chemicals the loamy soil has been, there are simpler ways to know how viable the soul will be. Ensure that the loamy soul support the growth of vegetables, its as simple as that!

Soil Treatment For Snail Growth

There are various soil treatment techniques available; but for the purpose of snail growth, we would be dealing with three (3): Heat, Neem treatment, Wrapping up.

Soil Treatment Using Heat

Soil can be treated using heat and in three major ways namely:

Sun Drying

This is achieved by spreading your loamy soil on a surface and expose it to direct sunlight. The heat from the sun treats the soil. However, ensure that the soil is spread evenly to allow the sunlight to reach and penetrate all the parts of the soil for outermost result.

Sun-drying treatment of soil
sun drying method


This is putting your loamy soil in a pot, covered and over fire as funny as the name implies. This method has proven to be highly effective in sterilizing the soil against insects that attack snails. It is required to stir the soil for the heat to be evenly distributed; afterall, its cooking method!

Hot Water

This is like parboiling the loamy soil. It is achieved by boiling enough water, put your soil in it to soak for some minutes, drain off the water, and your soil is ready! Use a rake to loosen and remove dirts from the cooled soil. When its done, simply add just enough water for moisture and not to much to prevent mites from growing.

AFTER HEATING, ADD CALCIUM TO THE SOIL! This is just the addition of tiny shells and other calcium sources to the soil. Grind them into powdered form and mix thoroughly to the soil.

Soil Treatment Using Neem

This is the use of organic materials like the seed of the Neem tree as a synthetic pesticide. Snails accumulate contents in the soil where they are breed and would in turn pass it to humans, therefore the use of pesticides is highly dangerous and discouraged.

Neem seeds are crushed into powdered form to be soaked overnight in water and sprayed on the soil. This destroys the harmful microbes in the soil with no effect on the snails. This however needs to be done and or monitored by an expert as too much will adversely affect the snails.


Snails thrive on soil and soil is known to host various harmful and harmless organisms. is therefore important to treat your loamy soil to get rid of these harmful organisms including ants, termites, etc. that can affect the growth of snails or even kill the snails if not controlled on time.

Good soils, good snails
soils and snail growth

It is also important to get the soil changed frequently as often as three (3) months. Slime as well as dead snails can host harmful organisms as well.

As good as snail rearing is less expensive, mortality as a result of harmful organisms and or unsuitable soil is enough to shut it down. Therefore, soil treatment organically is still the best practice both for the snails and the end consumers.

Ensure you treat your snails well and your profit margin would increase.

Soil Treatment A Secret To Boost Snail Growth.png
Soil Treatment A Secret To Boost Snail Growth

Are there other practices that you consider best for soil treatment in snail farming? Share with us on the comment section.

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