The rearing of shrimps is yet but another agribusiness opportunity, and most interestingly, Shrimp farming is quite easier to start.
It is good to weigh the benefits or rather profits in an agribusiness before you go into it, and that is what we would be doing now. So, please keep reading.
Benefits Of The Shrimp Market
To begin with, it is important to know that so many nations/countries are yet to adopt shrimp rearing.
Regardless, Shrimps are known to be one of the great sources of protein, and have peculiar health benefits because of their anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.
As of recent, Nigeria exports over 12,000 metric tonnes of shrimps yearly to several countries in Europe, North America, Asia etc.
As a matter of fact, that is only a little fraction when compared to the quantity exportable.
In addition, the shrimp production industry has a yearly potential income of about $384 million, though the recent output is below a quarter of that.
How To Begin Shrimp Farming
In this resource, we would discuss a step by step procedure on how to launch your shrimp farm so as to start earning your own quota in the global shrimp industry.
Having said that, it is crucial to note that there are five (5) vital steps to take in starting a fruitful shrimp farm, and they include:
- Choosing your location
- Designing and Constructing your pond
- Feeding your shrimps
- Harvesting your shrimps [and]
- Marketing your shrimps
SELECTING YOUR LOCATION
More often, swimming pools or/and other containers that have significant depth can be used for rearing freshwater shrimps.
But, you must know that it is not the best method for shrimp cultivation, as the use of a pond often gives a better/ more yield than the container or swimming pool strategy.
More so, the following are things to note before choosing the ideal location;
- When culturing salt water shrimps, there is need to have your pond situated near brackish or warm water, especially when traditional method is being used.
Ideal Location: Near ocean water.
When making use of an intensive farming method, the pond site must not be near ocean. Though there are few other things to consider such picking a location that is near the local market or potential buyers.
Furthermore, just before shrimp cultivation, there is need to consider your shrimp larvae source, and make sure that your shrimp pond isn’t too far, as this would aid in minimizing the animal stress when transferring them from the hatchery to pond.
In addition, the quality of the water and soil is of great importance. Preferably, the soil should posses adequate clay content which helps the shrimp pond to retain water.
DESIGNING AND CONSTRUCTING YOUR POND
When designing and constructing your shrimp pond, it is required of you to determine whether you desire the one phase pond/two phase pond.
It’s paramount to note that in the one phase method, you collect juvenile shrimps from the hatchery, and then introduce them directly into the shrimp pond.
Whereas, in a two phase pond, you have a main pond and then a nursery.
The nursery is used to culture the juveniles after which they are then introduced to the main pond after some weeks.
The female shrimps could lay thousands/millions of eggs that normally hatch after a day.
Note that hatched shrimps are referred to as nauplii.The nauplii are then fed algae.
It takes about 12 days for nauplii to grow into young shrimps.
The shrimps can’t be moved into the pond until after the 24 days.
FEEDING YOUR SHRIMPS
More often, you can apply fertilizers to your shrimp pond, as such aids the growth of natural algae and phytoplankton on which your shrimps feed.
Although, as your shrimps grow, it’s required of you to supplement their feed due to increase in their food consumption.
Such supplements include the following;
- Rice bran
- Dry pellets
- Chopped toad and frogs
- Household leftovers.
These supplements could be administered with the use of automatic machine feeders, feeding trays, or through broadcasting the feed.
Th act of Harvesting is most preferably carried out in the evening, so as to avoid the sun from increasing the temperature or/and decreasing the quantity of the water and the levels of oxygen in the water.
Such could result in the death of the shrimps leading to loss of business revenue.
There are somethings to anticipate if you are new into the shrimp farming business.
However, in the first year, there’s a possibility to have a poor yield, especially when you’re making use of a newly dug pond.
Why? This is because of the less build-up of insects or algae larvae for the shrimp to feed on, however over time, this will definitely get better as you are likely to start seeing an improvement as a result of the gradual buildup of the most required organic matter.
Generally, you will see need to also become meticulous, and make use of the best practices in your cultivation in order to avoid disease epidemics, and further encourage a bountiful harvest.