FAQs On Freshwater Prawn Farming Business

FAQs On Prawn Farming Business

Previously, we discussed about shrimp farming, but got people asking lots of questions on freshwater prawn farming business.

For this cause, we found it necessary to answer some frequently asked questions (FAQs) on prawn farming business.

To begin with, it’s important to note that the culture of Prawn is quite a daring business, especially for those new into the agribusiness, and also those with little or no experience in the aquatic farming sector.

FAQs On Prawn Farming Business
FAQs On Prawn Farming Business

Regardless, it is professionally advisable to launch a small-scale business that could yield a lot of information or/and knowledge about prawns cultivation.

The rearing of Prawns is one of those agribusinesses that can make you a millionaire farmer.

However, the climatic conditions at the location where your prawn farm is situated play a vital role in the failure or success of the prawn rearing business.

For instance, the soil, water conditions, and even weather all have a significant effect on a prawn farming enterprise.

Prawn Farming Business

More interestingly, with the use of advanced technology or/and modernized farming strategies, a lot of prawn farmers earn huge profits in this aqua-business.

Without failing to mention, the modern techniques include the following:

  1. Increase in prawn density
  2. Proper aeration methods
  3. Water quality management
  4. Intensification of prawn culture operation
  5. Providing formulated feed

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) On Freshwater Prawn Farming Business – Overview

It is worthy to note that there are broadly two types of prawn cultivation, and they are;

  • Marine prawn farming [and]
  • Freshwater prawn farming

Commercially, freshwater prawn rearing can be practised in tropical or/and sub-tropical climatic regions with the presence of lakes, rivers, reservoirs, irrigation ditches, ponds e.t.c.

Prawn Culture Business

On the other hand, marine prawn farming [also referred to as saltwater prawn farming] can be practised in regions nearby sea waters, or even coastal regions.

More so, in the local and global market, there is a high demand for both freshwater and saltwater prawn, with the consumer demand in the international market rapidly increasing.

Most importantly, the availability of preferred sites alongside good water quality maintenance are basically required for business success record.

That is to say that farm owners can earn decent profits or huge, provided there is an execution of an adequate prawn farming business plan and/or marketing strategies.

Prawns Farming

What Are The Species Of Prawn?

There are several kinds of prawns available across the globe, with some prawns very edible (Cultured prawns) and some inedible (saltwater varieties).

When being compared, the freshwater prawns are large in size than those of the marine and brackish water.

The following are the varieties of prawns seen around the world;

  1. Crystal prawn (P. brevirostris)
  2. Northern brown prawn (P, aztecus)
  3. Oriental prawn (P. chinensis)
  4. Redspottedprawn (P. brasiliensis)
  5. Brown tiger prawn (P. esculentus)
  6. Carpasprawn (P. paulensis),
  7. Pink prawn (P. notialis)
  8. Blue prawn (P. stylirostris) e.t.c

Prawn Species for Rearing

Unfortunately, a lot of prawn varieties have poor market value, with some of them larger in size cultured in farms.

Therefore, it’s expedient for farmers to first consider several factors before deciding on the particular variety of prawn to raise.

The following below are few of the in-demand market varieties;

Pacific White Prawn [Penaeusvannamei]

The pacific white prawn which is also referred to as whiteleg prawn is a species that is often cultured in the western part of the world.

Whitelegprawn grows up to the length of about 21 – 24 cm.

Again, majority of this species of prawn is farmed on the coasts, particularly from Mexico to Peru leading to above 90 percent (%) production of this species.

In terms of disease, Taura disease is the core setback of this species, as it has poor resistance to such disease.

However, this variety of prawn is quite easy to culture in captivity.

Kuruma Prawn [P. japonicas]

The Kuruma Prawn specie is said to have a huge market value (particularly in Japan), with those alive ranging from $ 200 to $230/kilogram.

In addition, these species of prawn are mainly reared within the coastal regions of Taiwan, Japan, and in few regions of Australia.

Indian White Prawn [P. indicus]

The Indian White Prawan species are breed within the eastern coastal regions of Africa, and in coastal regions of Iran, Middleast, India.

More so, they can grow up to a length of about 20 to 22 cm.

Interestingly, this species of prawn thrive so well in sandy mud soils with a depth of about 2 to 90 m deep, with a lifespan of about 18 months and 120 – 145 days farming duration.

In addition, Its edible meat has a weight which is comparatively high to its net weight, as the exoskeleton is somewhat thin.

Lastly, the yield can range between 10 –20 tons/ha/yr.

Giant Freshwater Prawn [Macrobrachiumrosenbergi]

This Prawn species is further called a giant river prawn, usually seen in coastal tropical, and subtropical parts of Indo-pacific regions.

The giant freshwater prawn grows up to a length of about 30 to 32 cm, and is known to be one of the largest freshwater prawns around the globe.

The females species lay eggs about five (5) times a year ranging from 10,000 – 50,000 eggs each time.

Giant Tiger Prawn (P. monodon)

This species of Prawn is also called black tiger prawn, as it is normally seen wild in the Indian and Pacific oceans.

More so, Tiger prawn farming is mainly done in eastern countries coastal regions.

This prawn species is considered the largest species growing up to a length of about 30 to 35 cm.

In the case of disease outbreak, the white spot disease is the main constraint for this species, as it has little or no resistance for.

Not just that, it is also quite difficult to culture in captivity.

Why Venture Into Prawn Farming Business?

Prawns cultivation can take place in fish farms, ponds, aquaculture, backyard waters, tanks, and all other natural water available resource locations.

In Prawn farming, harvest could be done in six months, thereby making prawn rearing a profitable business idea with a huge revenue percentage.

More often, the demand for or consumption of Prawn consumption is high.

FAQs On Prawn Farming Business

Finally, the Consumption of prawn provides key nutrients such as protein, minerals, and also low calories.

Are there other questions you wish to ask about Prawn Culture? Please, feel free to make use of the comment section.

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