Did you know that there is an easy way to grow catfish and vegetables together?
Yes, that’s true. You can achieve this through the practice of an Aquaponic system.
An aquaponic system is greatly beneficial to leisure gardeners and also farmers as it produces healthy nutrition for your family while tending to provide a secondary source of income.
More interestingly, you could build a mini aquaponic system that would yield great results at the back of your house or shed.
In case you’re not aware, backyard farming has its way of providing several opportunities for both commercial and home use. It’s quite possible to combine various farming techniques in a simple and interesting way to the benefit of each produce.
Aquaponics gardening could be used to also grow edible vegetables and fish [at the same time].
Now you get it? The system has the ability of maximizing the potential of both plants and aquatic life.
In a nutshell, it is possible for you to combine aquaculture and hydroponic system– referred to as the growing of plant and vegetable without the help of soil.
This system works perfectly well as the fish supplies the waste for the plants, while the plants act as filters which keeps the water clean.
The following are the few other things that enable Aquaponics to work successfully:
- Red worms [and]
It is important to note that fish waste consists of poisonous ammonia which is dangerous to them when seen in its concentrated form in the water.
Additionally, large amounts of ammonia lead to poor respiration, and for surety death in fish.
Luckily, the bacteria found in Aquaponics culture has the capacity to convert this toxic ammonia seen in fish waste into nitrates.
The nitrates produced by the bacteria are harmless to fish, and are used up by the plants as food, while the red worms breakdown the decaying plants into compost.
Factors To Examine Before Launching An Aquaponic Project
The following are crucial factors one must note before starting a aquaponic system, you must consider the:
- Type of plants and fish
Few others are:
- Components [and] Planning your aquaponic system
No need to be scared, as you can choose to do it yourself or purchase a ready-made system.
You can further consider the cost of materials for your system. Although, building the system by yourself would save you some cost, however purchasing one outright would save time and is quite a good idea.
Well, the core advantage of building a system from scratch is gratification, satisfaction and intimate knowledge of the mechanics of its system.
What Is A Simple Aquaponic System?
Before we continue, it’s important we ensure that you fully understand what an Aquaponic system is.
A basic aquaponic system is the movement of water from a fish tank to plant and from plant back to the fish tank. It’s simply the flow and distribution of water between two components.
What Are The Materials Needed For An Aquaponic System?
The materials required for your tank include:
- Fish pond
- Sump tank
- Garden [and]
In Addition, equipment like:
- Air pumps
- Plant trays [and]
For your benefit, the fish tank is for growing the fish, and garden to grow plants. The fish tank supplies the water and nutrients for the plant, whereas the garden supplies water for the pond.
In some cases, the garden may use a drain system, deep water culture system or continuous flow system.
Furthermore, the sump tank gathers the water from the garden before it moves to the fish tank.
The pump is solely used for controlling the movement of water throughout your system.
More so, an aquaponic system can come in several sizes and designs for a small, mini farm or commercial enterprise.
Therefore, you can choose to situate your aquaponic system either outside or indoors. Outdoor locations may include your balcony, garden, backyard or even an open field. Few other outdoor locations include your veranda, porch, and side or front of house.
Indoor locations may include your garage, basement, kitchen, spare room, or even store.
However, the only rule for indoor aquaponic is that it must have a minimum of seven hours of sunlight daily.
Again, the use of hydroponic grow light is seen as an alternative to sunlight.
OFFER: Get This Ultimate Collection Of Seafood Recipes
Plants And Fish Recommended For Aquaponics
The fish and garden plants you choose for your aquaponic ought to have similar water temperature requirements, and/or PH levels. Vegetables thrive in aquaponic systems when they are paired with fresh water fish.
What Type Of Fish Is Grown In An Aquaponic System?
Well, any edible fresh water fish can be easily grown in an aquaponic system. The common fish grown include:
- Tilapia [and]
However, if you only desire a decorative fish, then a Goldfish and Koi would be preferred.
More so, the temperature of the water in your aquaponic system is based on the type of fish you farm. Pick the type of fish based on the temperature you desire to retain.
Below is a list of fresh water fish you may introduce to your system, they are:
- Blue gill [and]
You can also include:
Catfish, Bass, Yellow and Golden Perch
Fish In Aquaponic System
- Gold fish
- Yellow perch
- Blue gill
What Plants Are Grown In Aquaponic Gardens?
It is vital to know that not all plants are suitable for aquaponic system, however there are a few that are known to grow well, and they include:
- Tomatoes [and]
Squash beans, peas, Broccoli and cabbage.
Important Things To Know About Aquaponic
Aquaponic gardening has the capacity of conserving water less water than regular gardening. Integrating two crops for the price of one minimizes overhead costs.
The system is quite efficient, and produces more per square feet.
Additionally, the design is flexible and is situated anywhere there is adequate sunlight.
Again, there is no need for expensive fertilizer, less water and little soil/no soil, as aquaponic is highly organic —works for both home and commercial application.
Lastly, they are quite very easy to setup and manage.
To learn more exclusively on Aquaponics, and how to better your farm with it, the following resources will come in handy:
Aquaponics – Audiobook Download – $4.95