How You Can Start The Business Of Carrot Farming

Carrot farming
Carrot farming

Carrot farming in Nigeria, has several benefits ranging from economic to health. Economically, carrot farming can significantly contribute to the economy of the nation by upping the nation’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP).

Yes, carrot farming can be a significant contributor because carrot is highly demanded not just for direct consumption but also for processing into an important ingredient in both the pharmaceutical and cosmetics industry.

Carrots are a good source of essential vitamins needed by the body such as Vitamin A, D, C, E, and K. Additionally, carrot farming can be a source of Calcium, Potassium, and Magnesium.

Carrot farming
Carrots

Why carrot farming?

Carrot farming can be highly rewarding for its farmers. The high demand for it makes it highly lucrative and financially rewarding. Moreover, you must not acquire a wide expanse of land to begin carrot farming. With a sound and improved agricultural practice, just a plot of land can produce a bountiful yield that can be financially rewarding.

Carrots are in high demand, thanks to the variety of uses they can be put into. They can be used in the making of different cuisines, cosmetic products, and pharmaceutical products.

Choosing your carrot cultivar

There are varieties of carrot seedlings that are cultivated in Nigeria. Some of these include the There are different varieties of carrot seedlings and every variety can be cultivated in Nigeria.

These variety of carrots are; Danvers, Nantes, Chantanay, Amsterdam, and so on. Normally, Danvers is larger in size than the other varieties and they thrive well in very rich soils. However, how well a variety thrives depends on the level of fertility of soils because some require more fertile soils than others.

Generally, carrot farming require well-drained sandy or loamy soils and they don’t thrive well when planted in water-logged areas.

Preparing and planting your seeds

Carrot farming requires well-drained sandy or loamy soils. Waterlogged or rocky soils do not support the growth of carrot seedlings. Rocky soils are particularly not good because they won’t allow downward growth of the carrot seedlings. Carrots grow downward by developing taproots that penetrate deep into the soil, rocky soils will be an obstruction for such growth, thereby, leading to stunted growth of your carrot crops.

Carrot farming requires loose soils and ridges are made. The ridges are usually higher than regular ridges. The reason for higher ridges is to allow the carrot to attain maximum penetration of its taproots to grow fully, reaching desired size, length, and shape.

A hoe or stick is used to draw grooves on the ridges, then carrot seeds are evenly sprinkled along the grooves then covered with stalks or grass. Covering of the seeds is to prevent birds from picking the seeds and to protect carrot seedlings from direct sunlight or strong rains that may damage young carrot seedlings. This practice is called mulching and it helps keep then carrot seedlings protected.

Caring for your carrot plants

Carrot farming
Carrot farming

When the carrot seeds begin to germinate, the young seedlings need to be tended to. The stalks used for mulching need to be raised by using sticks to lift them some inches above the sprouting carrot seeds. The stalks are not removed because the young seedlings will still be vulnerable to direct sunlight and heavy rains. Also, the stalks are lifted to allow the young seedlings to grow and for aeration; Aeration involves the free flow of oxygen in the carrot farm for the carrot seedlings to ingest.

After the stems of the carrot plant become strong enough to withstand direct sunlight and rains, the stalks are removed completely then thinning is done after some weeks.

Thinning is a farming practice that involves the removal of excess plants to give room for others to grow well and spread. It is to allow for adequate spacing which is necessary for the carrot plants to grow well, extend in length and width in order to achieve bountiful yield. Inadequate spacing will affect the growth of the carrots and render them less marketable.

Click here to learn how to begin cabbage farming in Nigeria

Also, there is a need to apply fertilizer. The application of fertilizer will boost nutrients supply which in turn will boost the growth of the crop. Note that as the plants begin to get more mature, there will be a need to add more soil around the roots of the plants.

Also, you have to carry out other necessary farming practices such as weeding the farm to remove weeds that may compete for nutrients with the carrot plants as well as deprive them of adequate space to grow well. Weeds can greatly cause your carrot plants to become stunted. Also, pesticides can be applied on the farm to kill off pests such as rodents, insects, and worms that can greatly diminish potential yield or cause diseases that can make your carrots look stunted and unmarketable.

Carrot farming
Carrot farming

It is advisable that pesticides should be applied long before the carrots reach maturation so the effect of the pesticides can wear off before the carrots are harvested and consumed. Also, you can opt for organic manure instead of artificial fertilizer if you want. Moreover, organic fertiliser has no side effects when overused, unlike artificial fertilizers that are made of chemicals that can be toxic to consumers if its effect didn’t wear off before consumption.

Selling your carrots

Carrot farming becomes rewarding when you begin marketing. Possible customers are restaurants, hotels, relaxation gardens, homes, pharmaceutical facilities, and cosmetic facilities. It is important you make inquiries on the current price of carrots in the market, so you don’t undersell your carrots.

When your carrots are ready for harvest, you can sell directly to customers or transport your produce to vegetable markets to sell. There is a thriving market for carrot farming and if your carrots are good, you will definitely get buyers rushing to buy them.

Summary

Carrot farming is a lucrative venture because there is a stable and rising demand for the vegetable. Other than being used for preparing a variety of dishes In homes, carrot is a vital ingredient in the production of many products consumed by people globally.

Click to read about things to know about lettuce farming

Carrot farming
Carrot farming

So, if you are planning on getting into carrot farming, I hope this article was helpful enough. Kindly drop your comment on the comment box below because we will love to hear from you.

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