Rice farming thrives in swampy areas and rice farming is a viable business that can bring in lots of money.
This is not surprising because rice is one of the most eaten foods in Nigeria. So, the demand is high, and choosing to become a supplier is a smart business move.
Rice is a staple food in Nigeria, it is used to prepare the sweet Nigerian dish called Jollof rice, as well as other dishes such as fried rice, coconut rice, and so on.
An occasion in Nigeria is deemed incomplete if rice is not served. This tells of how much Nigerians value rice.
Usually, rice farming takes about four months, from germination to harvest should be less than four months. Therefore, your return on investment (ROI) should be in four months, at most five months.
One good news about rice farming is government support.
Rice is one of the major foods consumed in Nigeria, and the Nigerian government, in a bid to ensure an adequate supply of food to its citizens, is providing enabling platforms for rice farmers to carry out their activities without qualms.
Incentives, loans, and even grants are made available to individuals farming or planning to go into rice farming.
This is great leverage for you to use and help or improve your economic situation, moreover, rice farming is highly lucrative.
Rice farming is quite easy, you don’t require any special knowledge or technical know-how to begin rice farming. More so, rice farming, if properly carried out, will give a bountiful harvest.
An acre of rice farm, with sound farming practices, can produce over a hundred bags of rice. However, to achieve this, you have to combine some factors of production.
These factors are; early planting, acquiring a good swampy and less acidic area of land, choosing a high yield rice cultivar, carrying out weed control in your rice farm, and properly applying the right fertilizer.
Rice farming is highly lucrative due to the high demand for rice. The demand is so high that you can quickly get buyers immediately after harvest or even before harvest.
And if you chose to stock your rice produce, you will still get buyers whenever you put your bags of rice out for sale.
Rice is highly regarded not just in Nigeria, but in the world. It is a staple food in countries such as China, Thailand, and Indonesia.
The significance of rice cannot be overemphasized. Below are guidelines on how to rice farming and successfully, cultivate and harvest your rice.
Choose good seeds
They say what you sow is what you shall reap. This saying holds water, especially in rice farming.
If your choice of seeds is poor, your harvest will turn out poor and if you make a good choice, you will reap a bountiful harvest.
So, I ensure your seeds are healthy, preferably, go for the high yield species. When planting, choose the best seeds and dispose of poor-looking ones.
The time and effort you will take to select healthy-looking seeds will pay off by yielding a bountiful harvest at the end of the farming season.
Raise seedlings in a nursery
In rice farming, seedlings can be raised in a nursery. Prepare a nursery bed and plant your healthy rice seeds there. You should carry out soil solarization.
Soil solarization is the heating of the soil by using a transparent polythene sheet to cover the bed.
This is done to control soil-borne diseases that can affect the health of your rice seedling. There are soil-borne pathogens and nematodes that cause soil-borne diseases.
Solarization tends to increase rice productivity by 36%. Also, seedlings that are transplanted from solarized nursery beds tend to grow faster and mature faster than non-transplanted rice seedlings.
Note that rice seeds are sowed in a nursery, and reach the stage of transplanting in two to three weeks. In other words, your seedlings will be ready for transplanting in two to three weeks.
Use swampy lands for rice farming
Ideally, rice farming is done in swampy lands. This makes the rice thrive well as well as saves you from the cost and stress of setting up irrigation structures and ensuring routine watering of the rice plants.
Rice farming can be done in upland dry conditions but the best area is lowland swamp.
It produces better yield in lowland swamps. So, get a swamp, properly get the area ploughed, and prepare the area for transplanting.
Take care of your rice farm
Rice farming requires tending through weed control and the application of fertilizer. This is important because it facilitates healthy growth and high yield.
Usually, weed control is carried out two months after transplanting. Herbicides should be applied moderately to kill off the weeds.
Fertilization is key to achieving high yield, it should be done one month after transplanting.
Endeavour to use the right fertilizer, preferably organic fertilizer. Fertilizer application is carried out by spraying across the farm.
It takes about four months for rice to become ready for harvest. Ready-for-harvest rice looks light brown; a change from its green colour.
Harvesting should be carried out immediately after noticing a colour change. This is to avoid a situation whereby pests feed on the rice seeds.
Note that there are many farm animals that feed on rice seeds.
So, the time, money, and efforts you put into rice farming will generate results in four to five months.
The business of rice farming is a good agribusiness to go into, with good farming practices, the returns on investment (ROI) is assured.
More so, rice is placed at a high market value and has an export value too. You can opt for a rice farming business, with proper management, you should be making encouraging profits in four to five months.
I hope this article is a cue for you to start planning on how to start your rice farming business this coming farming season. Kindly drop your comments in the comment box as we will like to get feedback from you.