Onions farming is looked down upon by many whereas it is highly lucrative.
It is regarded as a menial job meant for the poor masses.
Actually, this is a misconception because many families in the North are making lots of money from the cultivation and sales of onions to the large Nigerian population.
These onions farmers are quite rich and are living comfortable lives.
Onions farming can be very enriching especially to those that know the value of the crop.
Money can be made from cultivating and selling to consumers or from buying in bulk from farmers and selling to consumers.
Whichever approach is sure to bring in plenty of money.
Onions farming can be carried out in any part of the country and it is quite easy to cultivate.
This goes against the popular belief that onion can be cultivated only in the Northern part of the country.
Whether you live in the South, West, or East, you can comfortably farm onions on the arable lands in your locality.
Onions are consumed on a global scale. Homes, restaurants, hotels, and food industries use onions.
They are used to cook meals across many homes and cultures. So, if you are thinking about venturing into onions farming, you are making the right thoughts.
The market potential is assured and you can invest money and get your money back with huge gains.
Therefore, if you are interested in the business of onions farming, this article will provide you with helpful information on how to start onions farming on a commercial level.
There are two categories of onions, namely; short day and long day onions. These two categories of onions have different growing periods.
Therefore, when choosing the type of onions to plant, set your gaze on the perennial and bulb types.
The perennial onions and bulb types grow faster and the onions are usually better.
To achieve a bountiful yield, onions seeds are sowed and then transplanted. However, you can choose whichever way you deem fit to cultivate your onions.
When planting your onions, you should prioritize the spacing of the seeds or seedlings.
Optimally, spacing should be 1/2 an inch width and 3/8 inch depth. Optimally, the rows should be 15 inches apart.
Although, you can plant onions at any time of the year, it is usually best you plant your onions by the middle of October.
This is to make the onion plants have uniform moisture and nutrients throughout their production cycle.
Note that furrow irrigation is encouraged in onions farming so the plants can get sufficient water. This is important, because water plays a significant role in keeping the plants healthy and it makes them grow well.
Tending to the plant
Crops need to be tended to grow well and give a good yield. Tending too involves carrying out good farming practices that will ensure an optimal environment for germination, growth, maturation, and production.
Onions farming requires routine tending of the onion plants to make sure they thrive well.
There should be adequate watering of the plants, especially in the dry season. When the rains are gone, irrigation structures should be put in place to ensure a consistent supply of water.
Water can be sourced from nearby water bodies such as streams, rivers, lakes, ponds as well as from groundwater sources.
Also, weeding should be done to rid the farm of weeds that may compete with the onion plants for nutrients as well as choke them, limiting space for better growth.
Remember that onions require space for better growth, when their space is taken over by weeds, your onions plants may not thrive well.
Note that when weeding, care should be taken so as not to disturb the roots of the onion plants.
You can also add some mycorrhizal fungi, which are natural root builders, to help the roots of the onion plants grow downward to the soil nutrients.
Also, onions farming require fertilisers to boost their growth and produce healthy-looking onions.
Onions have a high level of nitrogen, therefore, nitrogen-based fertilizers should be added to supplement the requirement for nitrogen by the crops. You can also opt for organic fertilizers.
You should get compost made from composted vegetable materials and manure.
Fertilization will result in bountiful yield producing big or healthy-looking onions which will generate profits from sales.
Usually, onions take three months to mature, especially bulb onions. You begin harvesting when the plant begins to yellow.
Also, taking the top of the onion plants induces ripening of the onions before it produces flowering stalk. You don’t have to wait until it starts bringing out flower stalks.
Green onions are discovered to have a stronger flavour when they are allowed to grow taller. The green onions are usually ripe for harvesting when they get to 5 inches tall.
Onions farming has the capacity of giving you financial security. A bountiful harvest means plenty of money is coming into the pockets.
The demand for onions is not going down because it is a consistent ingredient in the preparation of meals in the world. Such demand is evident in the markets, as bags and baskets of onions are off-loaded from trucks for sales to consumers.
Also, you tend to find trucks full of onions headed for the Southern, Eastern, and Western parts of the country.
Onion farming is quite lucrative and venturing into it will be a smart investment move.
For the umpteenth time, onions farming is highly lucrative. The demand keeps soaring and the Nigerian market alone is huge enough for making lots of money.
Remember that the country is the most populous nation in Africa, and cultivating and selling onions across the country can be highly profitable.
Therefore, if you are considering starting the onions farming business, I hope this article is helpful enough. And do not hesitate or give room to doubts, agribusiness is highly lucrative, and the demand for onions is unprecedented.
Kindly drop your suggestions, questions, and experience in the comment box below.