How To Begin Cabbage Farming In Nigeria

Cabbage farming
Cabbage farming

Cabbage farming has prospects, especially when carried out on a commercial level. This article will discuss all the things that comprise cabbage farming.

Nigeria is a country that consumes a lot of cabbage, which means the demand for it is encouraging enough to get into commercial cabbage farming. Moreover, there is renewed interest in agribusiness, because chances of getting employed by offices are getting slimmer by the day.

The government of the day is making it quite easy for people, especially university to graduates to venture into agricultural business because resources are made readily available for interested persons and that includes startup money too.

Cabbage farming
Cabbage

Therefore, in this article, we are going to look at all the things you need to know about successfully engaging in cabbage farming. From preparing nursery beds for your cabbage seeds, planting your cabbage seeds, watching them germinate into seedlings, transplanting your seedlings to the field, caring for your cabbage via sound management practice, and eventually harvesting your cabbage.

Cabbage farming involves a simple doable process that can generate a high yield at the end of the production cycle.
Here are all you need to know on starting cabbage farming, cultivating the crop, harvesting, and making sales to generate huge revenue for yourself.

Seed germination

Cabbage seeds are quite tiny and they are not planted directly in the field like other crops. Cabbage seeds are first planted and nurtured in a nursery, where they are planted in nursery beds. The optimum soil for cabbage cultivation is well-drained sandy loam soil.

Waterlogged soil is not favourable for cultivation. Cabbage farming can be done all year round whether in the rainy or dry season. In the dry season, an irrigation system should be put in place to supply water to your cabbage farm.

You can source water from nearby sources of water such as rivers, dams, streams, lakes, and boreholes. With an adequate supply of water, cabbage farming will produce a high yield in the dry season like it was done in raining season.

To plant the cabbage seeds, you should mark grooves with a stick then evenly distribute the seeds along the grooves. Lightly use your hands to spread the soil over the seeds.

Use stalks or grasses to cover the bed to prevent direct sunlight. This practice is called mulching and it is done to regulate the level of moisture in the nursery. Direct sunlight will cause excessive loss of moisture to the atmosphere through evapotranspiration, hence, the need for mulching.

Normally, the cabbage seeds will begin to sprout in four to five days. Make sure you water the nursery twice daily, that is, morning and evening. Preferably, use a watering can to water the nursery because gushes of water can erode the bed and expose the seeds or roots of the seedlings.

Cabbage farming
Cabbage farming

Transplanting

You first need to prepare land for transplanting. You can choose to make ridges or beds for your cabbage seedlings. Whichever you choose will work just fine. Transplanting is done after the cabbage spent 3 to 4 weeks in the nursery. During transplanting make sure that there are adequate spaces between seedlings, this will allow the seedlings to grow and blossom without restriction, therefore, reaching their maximum size. This will give a high yield at the end of the cabbage production cycle.

Cabbage farming requires the use of fertilizer. Fertilizer can be applied during the making of ridges or beds or after.

Fertilizer application during the making of ridges or beds involves mixing the soil with soils or applying fertilizer into the holes where the seedlings will be transplanted to. Fertilization after making ridges or beds involves applying fertilizer close to the base of the transplanted seedlings. Either of the two methods will work in supplementing the needed nutrients for your cabbage to grow well.

It is advisable to apply organic fertilizer because it helps to improve the structure of the soil. Also, organic fertilizer improves the nutrient-holding capacity of the soil and it is safer to use as compared to artificial fertilizers Artificial fertilizers can be excessive thereby posing a hazard to consumers.

Click here to read about organic farming

Tending to your cabbage

Normally, you must tend to crops on a farm, ensuring they are properly cared for to get a good yield. Failing to tend to your crops will only cause them to get stunted, wither off, contract diseases, or get eaten by pests.

This is applicable in cabbage farming. You should care for your cabbage farm, by ensuring optimum conditions for growth and production. Ensure that weeds are cleared to make room for the cabbage to thrive freely. Apply herbicides to clear weeds or you can choose to do it manually. Also , apply pesticides to kill off pests that may eat up your cabbage or cause your cabbage to become infected with diseases. Note that these pesticides and herbicides are chemicals that can be harmful to consumers if their effect doesn’t wear off before the cabbage is harvested and consumed. It is advisable to apply these chemicals when the cabbage is not fully developed so that by the time the cabbage is matured, the effect of the chemicals must have worn off.

Cabbage farming
Cabbage farm

It takes about 70 days for cabbage to reach maturity. A knife can be used to harvest cabbage. For commercial cabbage farming, it is expected of you to have contacted buyers before harvesting or sold the cabbage farm to buyers to harvest themselves. This is done this way because cabbage is a perishable farm produce.

Click to learn about lettuce farming

Summary

In summary, cabbage farming is a good agricultural venture to go into. There is a stable market for the agricultural produce, especially in Nigeria. Nigerians consume it a lot; the vegetable is used to prepare different types of meals such as the popular salad or coleslaw. Salad and Coleslaw are always used to eat rice in Nigerian homes.

Cabbage farming
Cabbage farming

Therefore, with the help of this article, I am sure you will be able to begin sourcing for land, seedlings, and tools to begin cabbage farming soon. It is worth trying because the profit-making potential is enormous.

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